Complex Systems

Further Evidence for Randomness in Download PDF

Steven S. Skiena
Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois,
1304 West Springfield Avenue,
Urbana, IL 61801, USA


It has been generally conjectured, based on empirical evidence, that the digits of represent a random sequence. Some recent experiements appear to challenge this conjecture. This note describes a more extensive set of experiments concerning these reported anomalies, which betray no significant evidence of non-randomness. Results for and are also given.