Complex Systems

Novel Methods for Observing Economical Circulations Download PDF

Toshihiro Iwata
Electronic mail address:
Faculty of Informatics,
Kansai University,
2-1-1 Ryozenji, Takatsuki-City, Osaka, Japan


Most of the time series data about an economy are random. Time series data can be extracted from a moving slope. Source data, or x-y-z plots, rarely show regularity. However, x-z plots show clear regularity. This is exactly the meaning of chaos in the concept of determinism.