Complex Systems

Fungal Automata Download PDF

Andrew Adamatzky 1
Eric Goles 1 , 2
Genaro J. Martínez 1 , 3
Michail-Antisthenis Tsompanas 1
Martin Tegelaar 4
Han A. B. Wosten 4

1 Unconventional Computing Laboratory, UWE, Bristol, UK
2 Faculty of Engineering and Science, University Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago, Chile
3 High School of Computer Science, National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico
4 Microbiology Department, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands


We study a cellular automaton (CA) model of information dynamics on a single hypha of a fungal mycelium. Such a filament is divided in compartments (here also called cells) by septa. These septa are invaginations of the cell wall and their pores allow for the flow of cytoplasm between compartments and hyphae. The septal pores of the fungal phylum of the Ascomycota can be closed by organelles called Woronin bodies. Septal closure is increased when the septa become older and when exposed to stress conditions. Thus, Woronin bodies act as informational flow valves. The one-dimensional fungal automaton is a binary-state ternary neighborhood CA, where every compartment follows one of the elementary cellular automaton (ECA) rules if its pores are open and either remains in state 0 (first species of fungal automata) or its previous state (second species of fungal automata) if its pores are closed. The Woronin bodies closing the pores are also governed by ECA rules. We analyze a structure of the composition space of cell-state transition and pore-state transition rules and the complexity of fungal automata with just a few Woronin bodies, and exemplify several important local events in the automaton dynamics.

Keywords: fungi; ascomycete; Woronin body; cellular automata

Cite this publication as:
A. Adamatzky, E. Goles, G. J. Martínez, M.-A. Tsompanas, M. Tegelaar and H. A. B. Wosten, “Fungal Automata,” Complex Systems, 29(4), 2020 pp. 759–778.